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1. Dear Asha,    As some of the

Dear Asha,

   As some of the other respondents have indicated, watershed development is one approach you should take. The idea would be to understand the topography of the land and make some interventions like bunds, farm ponds etc. in order to retain as much water as possible on the surface of the land and to recharge the ground water too. You may have to take the help of some local NGO in doing this work. 

   In the long term it may be needed to put in both an open well and a tube well. The open well would give you access to what is called the 'shallow aquifer' and would contain water in the rainy season. Especially if the watershed development work mentioned previously is successful, you should be able to get some amount of water from the open well. The tube well will give you access to deeper water. 

     Since you are planning to do a lot of tree plantation and relatively less agriculture, your water requirement hopefully will not be too much. However the availability of water also depends on other farmers and their utilization of the groundwater. In many areas of South India, the water table has been falling very rapidly and causing enormous difficulties for agriculture. You should inquire around in the area you are in, to find out the local situation.


Vijay Krishna



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