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 Dear Asha,

 Your question about open well against borewell and how to keep it sustainable in order it from drying up.

Frankly speaking, there is nothing you can do to really prevent any well from drying up. You can only hope that whatever you do helps in creating a return flow back in to the well.

Whether a borewell or open dugwell, both are prone to the ill effects of over exploitation by the neighbouring farmers.

First about the question of open dugwell or borewell- well pure economics would suggest that you opt for a borewell, as it costs less, occupies less space, gets done fast- only problem is whether you can get enough water for meeting your requirements.  For this if you are lucky and find a good consultant who manages to give you good advice you could get the quantity of water you require.

As regards the sustainability- well as far as usage is concerned you have planed to use bare minimum, but what you could do is to create a farm pond near the well and grade the land in such a way that the land slopes towards the well ( provided the best location for the well is in the lowest portion of the property)  hence all the water falling during the rain gets diverted to this farm pond and recharges the aquifer indirectly.

If possible arrange to have as many small collection ponds within the property so that it facilitates infiltration at various parts within the property whenever it rains.

And after this all you can do it pray to the rain gods that they dont forget you in the near future, and hope that none of your neighbours decides to drill deeper and pump out water indiscriminately.

All the best

Anil Lalwani




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