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1. Dear Mrinalini, 1. Microbe

Dear Mrinalini,

1. Microbe are available in the atmosphere. However, in order to derive a seed culture, usually fresh cow dung or buffalo dung is employed which is a rich organic mixture full of bacterial mass. It is this culture which is allowed to grow and multiply. The safety issues regarding the handling of such a culture are rather minimal since organic dung is effectively handled even by human hands. Minimal protection and care are effective in the handling of cow dung. As to the sustanibility, it is one of the most effective and flexible technology available to date. However, it is being gradually replaced by some other technologies; namely Moving Bed Bio Recator (MBBR) and Membrane Bio Reactor (MBR) recently.
2. All technologies are essentially microbe based; howvere some application variations apply as in case of MBBR which is bio-filtration of sewage as well as MBR which is also a filtration although the medium for filtration in both cases is different. Whereas MBR employs a membrane for filtration, MBBR uses a PVC medium to achieve the same result.

3. Akar Impex is one such company that provides such a technology as the MBBR. Other names are Triveni Industries, Thermax, UEM etc.

4. Some of the prominent examples of MBBR are VIPUL BELMONTE at Gurgaon in Haryana state and MODY INSTITUTE at Laxmangarh, near Sikar in Rajasthan state.

With regards,

Taral Kumar
Executive Director
Akar Impex Pvt. Ltd.
Noida, Uttar Pradesh


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